Mesquite, Nevada, citizens would save an average of $2.6 million in medical spending each year if the city adopted a comprehensive, smoke-free policy, requiring all workplaces and public places to be smoke-free indoors. Going smoke-free in workplaces and public places statewide would save Nevadans an estimated $544,752,009 per year.
These findings are based on the observed number of Nevada hospitalizations and emergency department visits of Mesquite residents for coronary, cerebrovascular and respiratory diseases from January 2011 through December 2015 as compared to the estimated number of visits if Mesquite had a comprehensive smoke-free law.
According to our research, the estimated annual cost savings for hospital admissions for coronary events, such as heart attacks, total $1.3 million in Mesquite and about $250 million in Nevada. The estimated annual cost savings in hospital admissions for cerebrovascular events, such as stroke, total $420,000 in Mesquite and $72 million in Nevada. And the savings per year in hospital admissions for respiratory events, such as asthma attacks and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), totals $910,000 in Mesquite and $182 million in Nevada.
Emergency department costs add additional healthcare savings, on top of the hospital inpatient figures above. Going smoke-free is estimated to save $660,000 each year in Mesquite and almost $51 million in Nevada annually combined for all the diseases.